A-Level Chemistry

Chemical Bonding

Ionic Bonding

Properties of Ionic Compounds

Covalent Bonding and Expansion of the Octet

Dative Covalent Bonding

Shapes of Molecules

Effect of Lone Pairs on the Shape of Molecules

Electronegativity

Polar Bonds and Polar Molecules

Intermolecular Forces

Induced dipole-dipole interactions

Permanent Dipole-Dipole Interactions

Hydrogen Bonding